History

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Our First Mention

The first written mention of the Waccamaw Siouan Indians appeared in historical records of 1712 when a special effort was made to persuade the tribe along with the Cape Fears to join James Moore’s expedition against the Tuscarora. It is believed that the Waccon Indian, the Siouan tribe which Lawson placed a few miles to the south of the lower or hostile Tuscarora, ceased to exist by the name Waccon but that they moved southward as a group and became the Waccamaw Indians. Tribal names were often changed or altered, especially by the whites in their spellings, and the Waccamaw appeared first in historical records at about the same time that the Waccons disappeared. 

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Location

The Waccamaw, then known as the Waccommassus, were located one hundred miles northeast of Charleston, South Carolina. In 1749, a war broke out between the Waccamaw and the State of South Carolina. Twenty nine years later, in May 1778, provision was made by the Council of South Carolina  to render them protection. After the Waccamaw and South Carolina war the  Waccamaw sought refuge in the swamp lands of North Carolina. The present home of the Waccamaw Siouan, is situated on the edge of the Green swamp about thirty-seven miles west of Wilmington, North Carolina. 

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Swamp Life

Lawson and Lederer, early explorers of the Carolinas, mention the existence of  the Waccamaw Siouan whom they reported were part of the Eastern Sioux Nation but never visited their forbidden swampland refuge. Though, the language is now lost, certain conclusions can be drawn from the  knowledge of the Catawba language. A game played by the Catawba Indian  Children is spelled Wap-ka-hare. This almost unpronounceable name is  translated as "ball knock." To hear an Indian say it, it sounds "Wahumwar." It is reasonable to believe the Waccamaw is an English  translation of a part of the phrase that told of the ball of fire that knocked into the earth and created the lake known today as Lake Waccamaw. The natural conclusion, substantiated by these theories, is that the Waccamaw are the "People of the Falling Star." 

Written Resources About Our Tribe

Waccamaw Legacy: Contemporary Indians Fight for Survival

The book "Waccamaw Legacy" sheds light on our story from beginning through European contact, and onward into today. It's an in depth look at our history and something you have to read if you're interested in the history of our people.


If you're interested in purchasing this book, you can do so on Amazon, or you may borrow the book from a Columbus County library.


If you plan to purchase the book on Amazon, please consider choosing the Waccamaw Siouan Tribe as your Amazon Smile​ charity organization to support us! To support our tribe with your purchase, visit Amazon Smile at https://smile.amazon.com/ch/59-1739024 and 0.5% of your purchase of eligible products will be donated to the charity that you choose.

From Princess to Chief: Life with the Waccamaw Siouan Indians of North Carolina

This book "From Princess to Chief" provides a collaborative life history of Priscilla Freeman Jacobs. It tells the story of the first female chief (from 1986 to 2005) of our tribe and is a fascinating read.


To purchase to book, check out Amazon. if you want to borrow this one, you may also find it at a Columbus County Library.